Business Ethics and Leadership from an Eastern European, Transdisciplinary Context

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Tình trạng: Sẵn sàng
Miễn Phí

Sebastian Vaduva, Ioan S. Fotea, Andrew R. Thomas (2017)

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PREFACE

Since the fi nancial crisis crippled the world economy in 2008, the debate on business ethics and leadership has dominated the public sphere at all levels of interest, from common people to the elites in educational institutions, governments, businesses, and NGOs. Naturally, constructive and transdisciplinary discussions need to take place that take into consideration the specifi c context of each situation, so that propositions upon which to build the future can be formulated. These discussions unfold in an ever more intricate world of business, powered by ever more pervasive and intelligent technology and brought together by globalization. In this world, organizations are faced with new and more complex ethical issues in their pursuit to serve clients, gain profi ts, motivate employees, collaborate with partners, and act responsibly towards the environment and society.

A wise approach of changing the future is to understand the mistakes of the past, because one must learn how to overcome the past mistakes in order to develop a better future. But a necessary approach to building a better future is by looking at the world through a transdisciplinary mindset. This allows us to see the world as a complex whole, fosters creative interaction between fi elds of knowledge, opens doors for knowledge and innovation fl ow across disciplines, and allows the tackling of complex problems and situations. Given the current context of our world this is an approach that we ought to pursue.

This book brings together the academic views of scholars and the energy of young researchers to provide insights into a wide range of aspects pertaining to the field of business and leadership within the overarching debate on ethics and transdisciplinarity.

The papers in this book were discussed and disseminated at the 5th Annual Griffi ths School of Management International Conference, organized by Emanuel University of Oradea during May 2014. The Conference provided a platform for academics and practitioners in the field of business and leadership to interact and debate on the different dimensions of ethics in business and leadership in the context of transdisciplinarity and knowledge-based society. The purposes of Chap. 1 are to clearly define the term lean operations, provide a normative definition of business purposes, and then discuss in what manner and principles that undergirded lean operations supported both business purposes, but the most recent common lean practices focus on achieving the first purpose through higher efficiencies and lower costs at the expense of providing meaningful work. The trending predominant use of the shareholder model for defi ning business purposes is suggested as the major contributor for this finding. Leadership is a research field that is growing in Romania but still necessitates more input of knowledge and experience in order to shape and validate a Romanian leadership model. Chapter 2 explores the main practical implications for decisionmaking and managerial action in organizations that adopted spiritual leadership or are willing to follow such an approach. The private healthcare sector is experiencing an unparalleled growth in Romania.

In Chap. 3 authors share an industry-based perspective on the Romanian healthcare system with the objective of diagnosing the capacity, structure, and trends facing this sector. Based on the bivalent feature of public-private sector, this study follows the distribution of customers between the two sectors and motivational factors behind this approach. Chapter 4 studies the consumer perception of Yield Management (YM) with an example in the hotel sector by exploring four YM practices that might be suitable in hotel context. This analysis is undertaken through an empirical study of the behavior of 505 customers. The empirical analysis reveals that the assumption according to which YM induces dissatisfaction in all circumstances is rejected. But when a practice of YM is perceived as unfair, it causes a loss of customers. The author of Chap. 5 aims to identify the conditions of globalization that have led to suppose that transnational corporations are economic agents that negatively impact business ethics from the perspective of corporate governance. The method of study is based on a thorough theoretical and literature review and the results obtained confi rm the negative impact, considering that the use of corporate social responsibility programs are strategies to increase profi ts and global power rather than to achieve social impact. The chaos and uncertainty that manifest in the marketplace of the current global economy create a tremendous pressure on any company’s board of directors. In addition to the pressure coming from the marketplace many other aggravating factors are manifesting, such as the stakeholders attitude, the growing demand for workers with specialized skills, and the increasing involuntary losses of highperforming workers or managers. Chapter 6 starts from revealing the main steps of effective human resource planning, among which succession planning plays an important role and continues with advancing a new knowledge-based leadership model that will increase the likelihood of obtaining sustainable business effects in the actual economy. The discussion leads to several case studies that are relevant for the importance of succession planning, namely Aldis, Edy Spedition, Banca Transilvania, or Tarom. Chapter 7 is researching the problem of ecological economy and sustainability in the countries of Eastern Europe as a complex phenomenon that requires a transdisciplinary approach. Starting with the analysis of the evolution of this desiderates continue to develop this process towards a transdisciplinary approach in all decisions and actions by transition to new levels of sustainable development. Finally, Chap. 15 deals with the looming threat of corruption in Eastern European administrative and business settings. Transparency International Romania recommends collective integrity commitments as the optimal trans-institutional instrument for fighting corruption and developing businesses of good reputation and enhancing society at large; to that end, TI has already facilitated the signing of five Integrity Pacts connecting businesses, academia, healthcare, and civil society. In so
doing, they have gathered multiple lessons and tips for the Romanian business environment,
including its stakeholders, which emphasize the socio-economic benefits of integrity and accountability in developing societies.

We trust that you will find this volume useful.

 

CONTENTS

1 Lean Operations and Business Purposes:
Ethical Considerations ........................................................................... 1
Thomas M. Smith
2 Spiritual Leadership: Implications for Managerial Action ................ 15
Mariana Nicolae , Irina Ion , and Elena Nicolae
3 Current Trends on the Private Medical Market in Romania ............. 23
Nicolae Al Pop and Beniamin Grozea
4 Governance Particularities of Romanian Family Business ................. 31
Silvia Fotea and Samuel Echevarria
5 The Power of Multinational Companies in a Global
World: The Focus of Corporate Governance and Its Impact
on Business Ethics .................................................................................. 53
José G. Vargas-Hernández
6 Talent Management and the Quest for Effective Succession
Management in the Knowledge-Based Economy ................................. 65
Mihai-Florin Talpoş , Ioan G. Pop , Sebastian Văduva ,
and Liciniu A. Kovács

7 A Transdisciplinary Approach of Ecological Economy
and Sustainability in Eastern Europe ................................................... 75
Igor Prisac
8 Artificial Intelligence and the Concept of “Human Thinking” .......... 87
Dan Aurelian Botică
9 Utilizing Data from Social Media to Inform Business
Decisions: The Case for Facebook ......................................................... 95
Daniel S. Neagoie , Thomas M. Smith , and Ioan S. Fotea

10 Decoupling in Organizational Ethics: An Institutional
Perspective ............................................................................................... 107
Călin Gurău
11 Evolving Perceptions of Romanian Workplace Motivation:
An Employee–Manager Comparison .................................................... 117
Randolph Wilt , Popa Liana , and Bonţe Adrian
12 Some Threats to the Ethical Delivery of Outdoor
Management Development ..................................................................... 131
Willem Krouwel
13 Financing Methods to Support SMEs in Romania .............................. 141
Angela Vinter
14 Ecological Policies and Their Challenges for the Economy
of Eastern Europe ................................................................................... 147
Igor Prisac
15 Integrity Pacts: A Business Case for Collective Actions ...................... 159
Iuliana Coşpănaru and Victor Alistar

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